May 15, 2022

Here is why you should add sun screen to your daily routine

Your skin care routine is never complete without a broad-spectrum sunscreen. In this article we have detailed what sun screen is and its numerous benefits. We have also compiled a list of the best sun screen and where you can get them. This list was made especially with melanin rich/ dark/ black skin in mind.  

What is sunscreen and why it is a must?

A sun screen is a substance that helps prevents the skin from the sun's harmful rays. Sunscreens reflect, absorb and scatter both ultraviolet A and B radiation and provide protection against both radiations. It protects the skin from premature aging and skin cancer.

The active ingredient in sunscreen works by either absorbing the Ultraviolet radiation (UV) of the sun, reflecting such rays or preventing it from reaching the deeper layers of the skin.
Sunscreen protects your skin from damage that can be caused by the harmful radiation of the sun such as wrinkles, fine lines and hyperpigmentation. The risk of any type of skin cancer or sun sensitivity is also reduced. 

UVA/UVB Radiation
The sun emits both UVA and UVB radiation. Over exposure to either type of rays can cause skin cancer. The difference between the two type of radiation is that UVA causes premature ageing, wrinkles, skin damage and skin reaction to cosmetics or soap. UVB on the other hand is responsible for sun burn.

It is important to choose a broad-spectrum sunscreen when choosing sunscreens Broad spectrum sunscreens prevent against both types of radiation.

Who needs sunscreen?
Everyone. Period. Everyone needs sunscreen even dark-skinned people. Having a dark skin does not make you immune to the effects of the sun radiation. Even if you never get sunburned you can still get skin cancer. 

In fact, skin cancer is the 6th top type of cancer in Nigeria. In the US, while black people get skin cancer the least, some skin cancer have proven to be deadlier for black people. The average five-year melanoma survival rate for black people is 67% while it is 92 percent for white people. 

And if the fear of cancer is not enough to get you to wear sunscreen, remember that the ozone layer is depleting by the day. The amount of radiation coming directly from the sun is increased and very harmful to your skin. You might look older than you are, have wrinkles and fine line sooner, get increased sensitivity to the sun. Bottom line. Wear a sun screen.

What sun screen should you use?
The American Academy of Dermatology recommends using a sunscreen that offers broad spectrum protection, is a SPF 30 or higher and is water resistant. 

It is important to note that wearing sun screen doesn’t mean you should get prolonged exposure with the sun. Water resistant sunscreen should be reapplied about every three hours or as directed on the bottle when you are near water.

It is recommended to wear sunscreen every day, even when it is cloudy. 80% of the sun rays penetrates through the clouds. 
Sunscreens should be applied at least ten minutes before stepping out into the sun.

Do SPF no matter?
The American Academy of Dermatology recommend an SPF 30 as the minimum SPF to use. SPF 3o blocks about 70% of the sun UBV rays and a higher SPF block slightly more. However, no SPF can give you full protection from the sun rays.
It is also important to note that a higher SPF last about the same amount as the low SPF.

Our recommended sunscreens